How to make a wooden table

A table - an integral attribute of every home - can be made of different materials, have a simple and intricate shape and carry different functions, but it is completely impossible to do without it. Not everyone understands why to make a table with your own hands, if such an ordinary item is easy to buy in any furniture store. Indeed, not everyone dares to make furniture with their own hands.

Material selection

The most popular material for making tables and other garden furniture is wood. This is easily explained, because wood has a number of significant advantages over other materials, such as metal or concrete. A tree has such advantages as:
Ease of processing;
High esthetics;
Resistance to different climatic conditions;
Natural wood is a material of a beautiful natural texture, quite inexpensive, environmentally friendly and durable. It is moisture resistant, subject to special processing, malleable for carpentry tools, therefore, excellent for the manufacture of home furniture and utensils.
The appearance of the finished product and its characteristics will depend on the type of material and its preparation, so you should start with the selection of wood. Each tree species has its own hardness. The most popular tree species can be distinguished:
Spruce, pine and cedar are softwoods. Easy to process material, but prone to deformation, drying out and cracking;
High depreciation;
The possibility of restoration;
Ample opportunities in the field of processing and painting;
Safety for human health;
Low cost of certain categories of wood;
The beauty of natural patterns.
Oak, beech, larch and birch are representatives of solid wood. Beautiful and noble types of wood. Moisture resistant and durable. To process oak and other hardwood products, electric tools will be required;
Superhard materials - yew, hornbeam and acacia - possessing an extremely dense internal structure, are a high-strength material. They require professional industrial processing.
To make a wooden table, you need a cut board or timber. A table made of croakers will have a brutal look and will fit perfectly into a hunting-style country house. A wide slab can serve as material for an entire countertop. Another material for creating countertops is the cut of the trunk. First, the trunk of the required diameter is selected, then an even cut is made and varnished. With this technology, a large amount of waste is generated.The durability of the product depends not only on the processing of wood, but also on the choice of wood species. Hard rocks are not always a good choice. Under conditions of temperature and high humidity, the tree swells and crumbles. The best option for a street or country tabletop is elastic wood. Features such as hardness and resilience provide resistance to deformation. Spruce, aspen, larch and linden can boast of such properties.
Tool preparation
If you are inspired by new ideas and decide to make a wooden table with your own hands, you will need to prepare the following tools for work:
Reysmus;
Saw;
Jigsaw;
Hacksaw;
Jointer;
Milling cutter;
Screwdriver;
Drill;
Grinding device;
Clamps;
Pencil,
Roulette
The square.
In order for the work to argue, consider the shape and size of the product, prepare the drawings. The size of the product will depend on the area allocated for it, and the height is on average 70 cm. Here is a list of the materials needed for the job:
Antiseptic;
Sandpaper of varying degrees of grit;
Boards;
Timber or slab;
Varnish;
Paint and stain;
Glue.

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Product shape and design

But that daredevil who deliberately takes up the matter will certainly enjoy the process and the excellent result of his labors. Some people come to this, wanting to save money, especially if something simple is required. Others, obeying a creative impulse, want to have a unique piece of furniture in the house that will enhance their mood and self-esteem. In addition, a self-made table always has perfect proportions and matches the style of your home’s interior.

A wooden table is an environmentally friendly, aesthetic and durable product that successfully fits both in the apartment and in the country. Moreover, there are options for special garden tables. It can be light, portable, or solid and massive, have different models and shapes:
Angular;
Oval;
"Book";
Hinged;
Retractable;
Transformer.
Transformers are perhaps the most interesting category of tables. When folded, they are very compact and look like a small nightstand. If you put it against the wall, then it will take no more than half a meter. A table of this form is indispensable in a limited area, when it is not possible to hold a large dining table for a dozen people. Tabletop hinges are attached using a hinge system. Transformers are usually rectangular, but round models are also found.Before you get started, decide what configuration and size you need. The following are general recommendations from professionals:
The hand-made table should correspond to the room for which it is created, both in size and in style;
When creating a street option, it is important to think in advance how many people will use it at one time;
A folding table is a great option for hospitable hosts. Such a product will be used in assembled form for family dinners and will become a godsend at the time of receiving guests;
For a comfortable feast, the place at the table reserved for each guest should be at least 70 cm;
Children's model should be designed in accordance with the age and height of the child.
Making will cost some work and time, but the result will please. After all, a product created with your own hands will be inexpensive and fully consistent with your ideas and desires. If you wish, you can make a whole furniture set, but this will require special skills and dexterity.
Before proceeding with the manufacture of the table, it is worth carefully reading the drawing so as not to translate the materials in vain.
Tables can be divided into the following structural types:
From the whole massif of a tree;
Prefabricated (from a terrace, grooved, unedged board);
Glued;
Made in the form of a "shield" of lamellas.
Furniture made of solid wood belongs to the elite and has a rather high cost. Other options are simpler and can be used both in pure form or in combination. Epoxy glued tabletops from boards of different wood species look very nice - this is an adhesive composition based on resin. Natural wood pattern and different textures create an incredible effect. Products made by this technology are very durable and resistant to deformation.

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Drawing drawing

The drawing is a diagram that visually describes the sequence of actions, following which the expected result is guaranteed. If a unique design is conceived, then you will have to work on the diagram and drawings yourself. To do this, you can use a computer program, then print the received documents in order to have a visual guide.
Parts manufacturing
The step-by-step process of making wood worktops can be described as follows:
Choose the right amount of materials. For a standard width you will need 6-7 boards in 3 cm thick. Only perfectly smooth boards processed by jointer are suitable. Knots are not a hindrance.
Subject the wood to antiseptic treatment and dry thoroughly.
Lay out the boards in the shape of an even rectangle. Align joints.
Attach a block on both sides and cut off evenly.
Screw the timber to the boards. On the reverse side of the countertop, in the center of the boards on each side, drill a hole for the bolt through a 2/3 block. On the beam, make the recess wider so that the cap of the bolt drowns.
Round corners.
Attach the board diagonally from the bottom with self-tapping screws greased with glue.
Sand the surface first with rough sandpaper, then softer.
Coat the product with stain and varnish. If desired, the table can be painted.
Homemade glued wood worktop
Tables made of such a material have a smooth and uniform structure, do not have joints and crevices. Another argument in favor of this technology will be resistance to the occurrence of deformations and cracking. To make a table, you will need 4 boards with smoothly planed edges, having the following parameters - 1x1.5x0.5 m. The algorithm of work is as follows:
In the ends at a distance of 10-12 cm, make holes of 8-12 mm in size. They are needed for mounting dowels and dowels. The holes in the two side boards are made only on one side.
Fold the boards correctly before gluing.
Sand the boards, coat with glue.
Insert dowels and fasten boards.
Align the ends and make sure the correct position of each board.
Lay the finished countertop on a flat surface and squeeze it tightly with a clamp.
Leave to dry.
Making a round table
To implement the idea of creating a round table with your own hands, you need to have the following materials:
Square beam (width - 100 mm, length 750 mm - 4 pcs;
Boards 100 to 20 mm, length 750 mm - 2 pcs;
Boards 250 by 40 mm, length 2000 mm - 4 pcs;
Boards 100 to 20 mm, length 800 mm - 2 pcs;
Boards 100 by 20 mm, length 1600 mm - 2 pcs.
Step-by-step instructions for creating a round table handmade:
Four long boards fold tightly together.
Draw a circle.
Cut with a jigsaw along the line.
Make a rectangular frame and fasten the circle with screws.Attach legs to the frame.
Check stability, and then disassemble.
To process a tree with sand paper. First hard, then soft.
Cover with stain and varnish.At first glance it seems that the most important detail of the table is the countertop. However, do not underestimate the legs of the product. After all, they decorate the table and give it a certain style. The legs should correspond to the basic style of the model and the necessary parameters.
The paradox is that the more complex and pretentious the table legs are, the less they will last. The most reliable will be simple wooden, stable and lightweight supports. Drawings for them can not be done. Steps for making table legs:
Selection of four equal in length (85 cm) bars;
Installation of bars in the corners of the countertop;
The connection on each side with boards or bars: two equal in length and two equal in width;
This design is glued to the table and left to dry.Not always the table has standard four legs, sometimes masters resort to creating a table under the frame and one or two legs. Glue can be replaced with furniture corners, which are fastened with self-tapping screws, or for reliability, use both options. You can create an unusual fantasy model by evenly attaching the countertop to the ornate and bizarre wood roots. It will be a terrific product that only you will have.
Build Features
Holes are drilled in each element of the product, then the parts are bolted, which makes the product really durable. You can enhance the effect by fixing with a good glue. The screws are screwed inside from an acute angle with respect to the board. If the finished product is noticeably staggering, use special belts with locks. This will help make the design more reliable and stable.
For the legs, wooden blocks are taken, which must be processed with a planer in the shape of a cone. Carved balusters, which you can either buy or independently grind on a lathe, are also great for this. Performing the construction with his own hands, a person gains skills in working with wood, so if it becomes necessary to repair the product, it will not cause difficulties. You will already have all the necessary arsenal of tools. In addition, you will need wood and tools for the restoration of old wooden products.
Treatment
Getting a good and solid result is not so difficult. The main thing is to comply with all necessary conditions. After the main work, the time comes for the final, but no less important stage - processing the product with varnish. In order to correctly carry out this operation, observe the following rules:
Sand manually the edges of the countertop;
Apply high-quality varnish to the entire product. In addition, coloring of some parts of the table with paint will look very decorative;
Flaws in the work are well masked with a putty that is suitable in color.
The most popular option for decorating a wooden table is to cover its surface with a transparent or colored varnish, which emphasizes the natural woody pattern and ensures its protection from external factors.
In order for the product made by hand to serve for many years, while remaining the pride of the owner, it is recommended to follow the simple rules:
Avoid direct contact of the product with the open sun and do not leave it outside in the rain;
Keep the surface clean;
Treat with polish;
In winter, keep the table indoors so that the varnish coating does not suffer.

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